# [Get Answer ]-Need Help With This One 2

### Question 1

1. The numerical value for a correlation ranges between ________ and ________.

0; 1.00

–1.00; 1.00

negative infinity; positive infinity

–1.00; 0

2.5 points

### Question 2

1. If all the points on a scatterplot fall on a single line:

there is no relation between the variables.

the relation between the variables is perfect.

the variables are causally related.

there is a positive correlation between the two variables.

2.5 points

### Question 3

1. Accordingto guidelines published by Cohen (1988), a correlation value of________ is considered small, ________ is medium, and _______ is strong.

0.10; 0.30; 0.50+

0.25; 0.50; 0.75

0.40; 0.60; 0.80

1.00; 2.00; 3.00

2.5 points

### Question 4

1. When using the Pearson correlation coefficient in hypothesis testing, we determine whether the correlation is:

significantly straight.

significantly different from zero.

accurate for the sample.

accurate for the population.

2.5 points

### Question 5

1. Which of the following statements accurately captures a positive correlation?

anassociation such that participants with low scores on one variable tendto have high scores on the other variables as well, and those with highscores on one variable tend to have low scores on the other variable

one variable reliably predicts the scores on a second variable because they move perfectly together

anassociation such that participants with high scores on one variabletend to have high scores on the other variables as well, and those withlow scores on one variable tend to have low scores on the othervariable.

an association in which one variable is a multiplicative factor of the other variable.

2.5 points

### Question 6

1. According to Cohen’s published standards, a correlation coefficient of 0.34 is considered to represent:

a small effect.

a medium effect.

a large effect.

no relationship.

2.5 points

### Question 7

1. What is the null hypothesis when testing for significance using the Pearson correlation coefficient?

μ1 = μ2

ρ= 0

ρ0

r= 1

2.5 points

### Question 8

1. If a test actually measures what it is intended to measure, then that test:

is reliable.

is valid.

does not suffer from restriction of range problems.

is internally consistent.

2.5 points

### Question 9

1. Assumethat the correlation coefficient between class attendance and number ofproblems missed on an exam is (–0.77). Which statement regarding thisfinding is correct?

If you start attending class more regularly, the number of problems you miss on the next exam is certain to be reduced.

There is definitely no causal relationship between the two variables.

If you attend class regularly, you are more likely to do well on the exam than someone who does not attend class regularly.

The correlation provides definitive information pertaining to causation.

2.5 points

### Question 10

1. In the equation Ŷ = 130 + 5(X1) + 3(X2), what is the y intercept?

130

5

3

8

2.5 points

### Question 11

1. Readingleft to right, a negative slope looks like a line going ________, whilea positive slope looks like a line going ________.

uphill; downhill

downhill; downhill

downhill; uphill

uphill; uphill

2.5 points

### Question 12

1. The Pearson correlation coefficient is symbolized:

r

x

c

t

2.5 points

### Question 13

1. A positive correlation between head size and foot size indicates that:

having a large head causes a person to have large feet.

having large feet causes a person to have a large head.

people with larger feet also tend to have larger heads.

people with larger feet tend to have smaller heads.

2.5 points

### Question 14

1. Once we have an equation for a straight line through our data, we can:

look at each value on the x-axis and predict its corresponding value on the y-axis.

use an independent-samples t test to compare means.

compute post hoc tests.

2.5 points

### Question 15

1. Correlations help us look at the ________ between two variables.

causal relationship

time sequence

co-relation

difference

2.5 points

### Question 16

1. (Figure:Age and Penalty Minutes) The following figure depicts the relationbetween a hockey player’s age and the number of minutes he spent in thepenalty box during the regular 2006–2007 season. The 18 players weremembers of the New Jersey Devils hockey team who played in more than 40games that season. Figure: Age and Penalty Minutes[img src=”http://learn.liberty.edu/courses/1/PSYC355_B03_201440/ppg/respondus/pool_PSYC355_EXAM3_Ch1314_122013/image00252bc4fb7.gif” alt=”” align=”bottom” border=”0″>  Basedon the scatterplot, what is the relation between a hockey player’s ageand the number of minutes he spent in the penalty box?

perfect positive

positive

negative

no relation

2.5 points

### Question 17

1. Beforecalculating the correlation coefficient, it is advisable to create a________ as a way of displaying the association between the twovariables.

scatterplot

line graph

histogram

polygon

2.5 points

### Question 18

1. The standardized regression coefficient is symbolized by:

ρ.

β.

μ.

ψ.

2.5 points

### Question 19

1. Which of the following numbers would represent a perfect correlation?

–1.00

1.00

0

–1.00 or 1.00

2.5 points

### Question 20

1. To predict a single dependent variable from more than one independent variable, which statistical technique would we use?

multiple regression

structural equation modeling

simple linear regression

correlation

2.5 points

### Question 21

1. Regression is to ________ as correlation is to ________.

association; causation

causation; association

relation; prediction

prediction; relation

2.5 points

### Question 22

1. Whenthe Pearson correlation coefficient is computed on sample data, it issymbolized by ________, and when it is computed on population data, itis symbolized by ________.

r; R

ρ;r

r;ρ

R; r

2.5 points

### Question 23

1. Basedon research with her patients, Dr. Sabine knows that the correlationcoefficient between scores on an anxiety scale and comfort at a socialgathering is –0.35. According to guidelines established by Cohen, howcould we characterize the strength of this relationship?

small

medium

large

very large

2.5 points

### Question 24

1. Psychometricians are concerned with:

developing high quality tests and measures.

fixing psychological issues in people.

studying illness and the onset of psychological illness.

statistics and computers.

2.5 points

### Question 25

1. The tendency of scores that are particularly high or low to drift toward the mean over time is called:

simple linear regression.

standard error of the mean.

regression to the mean.

standard error of the estimate.

2.5 points

### Question 26

1. Withregression we are concerned about variability around the ________,rather than variability around the ________ which would be the case in ttests or ANOVAs.

mean; outliers

median; tails of the distribution

line of best fit; mean

outliers; line of best fit

2.5 points

### Question 27

1. APearson correlation coefficient is calculated for 48 individuals. Whatvalue of df should be used to determine statistical significance inhypothesis testing?

48

46

47

45

2.5 points

### Question 28

1. Test-retest reliability is determined by:

administeringthe same measure to the same sample at two different points in time andcalculating the correlation between an individual’s performance on thetwo administrations.

administeringthe same measure to two different samples at two different points intime and calculating the correlation between an individual’s performanceat the two different times

correlatingthe odd numbered items of a measure with an individual’s performance onthe even numbered items of that same measure.

correlatingthe odd numbered items of a measure with an individual’s performance onthe even numbered items of a different measure.

2.5 points

### Question 29

1. Which of the following numbers would indicate the strongest relationship between two variables?

–0.25

0.59

0.65

–0.72

2.5 points

### Question 30

1. In the formula Ŷ = a + b (X), a is the:

slope.

intercept.

predicted value for the dependent variable.

observed value on the independent variable.

2.5 points

### Question 31

1. What kind of correlation would you expect to find between the age of a car (nonclassic. and its value?

positive

zero

negative

perfect positive

2.5 points

### Question 32

1. What is the research hypothesis when testing for significance using the Pearson correlation coefficient?

μ 1 = μ 2

ρ= 0

ρ0

r= 1

2.5 points

### Question 33

1. Simple linear regression allows us to:

determine the relation among four or more variables.

predict an individual’s score on a dependent variable from her score on multiple independent variables.

predict an individual’s score on the dependent variable from her score on the independent variable.

infer the direction of causal relations.

2.5 points

### Question 34

1. In the formula Ŷ = a + b (X), b is the:

slope.

intercept.

predicted value for the dependent variable.

observed value on the independent variable.

2.5 points

### Question 35

1. The three main characteristics of the correlation coefficient include all of the following except:

it can be either positive or negative.

positive correlations are more common than negative correlations.

it is the strength of the coefficient, not its sign, that indicates how large it is.

it always falls between –1.0 and 1.0.

2.5 points

### Question 36

1. Levene’s test evaluates the assumption that

the means of the groups are homogeneous, or equal.

the difference between the scores of the groups are significant.

the scores are normally distributed.

the variances of the groups are homogeneous, or equal.

2.5 points

### Question 37

1. Below are the possible results of a one-way ANOVA with an alpha level set at .05. Which results are significant?

F(2, 31) = 7.98, p = .06

F(2, 31) = 9.87, p = .50

F(2, 31) = 12.3, p = .04

F(2, 31) = 10.7, p = .12

2.5 points

### Question 38

1. The most common way for an independent samples t test to be reported in a research article is

t(45) = 3.5, p < .05.

t(i:29) < .05.

t(independent) = 2.9, significant.

independent t(15): 30, p: significant.

2.5 points

### Question 3910

1. At the end of a hypothesis test (like any one of the t-tests for example), the researcher must use the results to

try to prove that the research hypothesis is absolutely true.

make a decision about whether or not to reject the null hypothesis.

make a definitive statement that the null hypothesis is either true or false.

support his or her theoretical preconceptions, regardless of the outcome.

2.5 points

### Question 40

Apsychologist wants to determine whether different psychiatric diagnosesaffect the length of stay for patients in a residential treatmentfacility. She collects data on length of stay for patients with threedifferent diagnoses: affective disorders, drug-related disorders, andcognitive disorders. She compares the scores of these three groups.Which type of test should she use to analyze the results?

independent-samples t-test

bivariate regression analysis

one-way ANOVA

two-way ANOVA